If the flow of goods from production to consumption by procurement logistics, production logistics, and sales logistics is described using the circulatory system of the body, it would be said to be forward logistics. On the other hand, recovery logistics or reverse logistics is the flow that recovers and recycles products, containers, and packaging that have fulfilled their role. Similar to recycling logistics described later, emphasis is being placed on this flow in recycling-oriented societies.
For example, logistics planners must consider warehouse space availability and special requirements such as cold storage, docking facilities and proximity to modes of transportation such as rail lines or shipyards. Attention to logistics can support expanded product lines in good times or provide a basis for gaining a competitive profit edge during periods of slow growth. Whether the goal is increased market shares or increased profits from existing or smaller market shares, logistics considerations can be basic to these accomplishments. Among manufacturers, there has been a general reduction in the number of warehouses through which products of any one company are distributed. Answers to this question require the preparation of a competitive product flow plan, based on information about competitors’ plant locations, production strategies, warehouse locations, and methods of transportation.
Work locations can vary
Some universities and academic institutions train students as logisticians, offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs. A university with a primary focus on logistics is Kühne Logistics University in Hamburg, Germany. It is non-profit and supported by Kühne-Foundation of the logistics entrepreneur Klaus Michael Kühne. Traditionally in 集運 , configuration may be at the level of the warehouse or at level of the distribution system .
Examples of Logistics
Finished goods arrive at the retailer’s main distribution warehouse for intake. The items are first unitized—broken down from bulk commercial packaging to individual consumer packages. Barcodes are added, then items are sorted, packaged and shipped to the store or a nearby warehouse. Logistics for the retailer begins with intake of goods and continues through the movement of those goods to their final destinations, which in this case is a brick-and-mortar store, not the final customer. If the manufacturer has a direct-to-consumer model, it may use a supply chain as a service provider to get its products to the end customer.
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